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A Survey on Pharmaceutical Liquid Dosage Forms available in Nepali market.

    

 

Submitted by            : Jeewan Babu Rijal

                                           Roll no. 09

                                           B. Pharmacy

                                        3rd year, 1st semester.

                                           Little Buddha College of Health Sciences.

 

  • Introduction:

The aim of this survey is to get a general idea about liquid dosage forms available in nepali market now.

Drugs available in liquid dosage forms are effective in the sense that they skip the usual process of disintegration and dissolution since they are already they are already available in solubilized form and some of the drugs are even released into systemic circulation directly. These can be effective for childrens and aged people. Injections in the form of liquid dosages can be given to those who cant take the drug orally. The problem with liquid dosage forms can be its instability and that it is more prone to microbial growth.

 

 

  • Objectives:

The main objectives of the survey are:

i)                   To get knowledge about the types of liquid dosage forms available in the market.

ii)                 To generate an idea about the colourants, flavors and preservatives being used in those dosage forms.

iii)               To be familiar with the Drugs used as equivalents.

 

 

The list of the liquid dosage forms collected during the survey are as follows:

LIQUID DOSAGE FORMS

1 SUSPENSIONS

 

I Perimox paediatric drops

Each ml of reconstituted suspension contains

Amoxicillin trihydrate  BP equivalent to amoxicillin 100mg

Colour; sunset yellow FCF

 

ii Perimox, Amoxicillin for oral suspension

Each 5 ml of reconstituted suspension contains:

Amoxicillin trihydrate equivalent to Amoxicillin 125 mg

Colour: erythrosine

 

iii Azithro 200 liquid , oral suspension , 15 ml , paediatric

Each 5 ml contains :

Azithromycin dehydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin anhydrous (base) 200mg

Flavoured  syrupy base q.s.

Colour : sunset yellow

 

Iv Nemox drops

Amoxicillin paediatric drops

National

Each ml of the reconstituted suspension contains :

Amoxicillin trihydrate IP equivalent to Amoxicillin 100 mg

Colour : sunset yellow

 

V Perimox , Amoxicillin for oral suspension (DRY SYRUP)

Each ml of reconstituted suspension contains :

Amoxicillin trihydrate equivalent to Amoxicillin 125 mg

Colour : erythrosine

 

vi. Selsun suspension

Composition:

Selenium sulphide USP 2.5 % w/v

Buffered emulsion base

 

vii. Oflontin Suspension

Each 5 ml contains :

Ofloxacin BP 50mg

Colour Erythrosin and Ponceau 4R

 

viii. Nox

Norfloxacin suspension

Each 5 ml contains :

Norfloxacin IP 100 mg

In a flavoured syrupy base

 

ix. Curemox, Oral suspension BP (Lomous)

Each 5 ml after reconstitution contains :

Amoxicillin trihydrate BP equivalent to 125 mg of amoxicillin

Colour : Erythrosine

Flavours – pineapple and vanilla

 

x. Brucet suspension

Composition : (5 ml contains)

Ibuprofen IP 100mg

Paracetamol IP 125 mg

In a flavoured syrupy base

Colour : tartrazine

 

xi. ZULID 100 (15 ml)

Azithromycin

Oral suspension

Each 5 ml contains :

Azithromycin dihydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin 100 mg

Colour : Quinoline yellow

(Deurali janta pharmaceuticals)

 

xii. Periclox (45 ml)

Ampicillin and Cloxacillin

Oral suspension

Each 5 ml of reconstituted suspension contains :

Ampicillin trihydrate BP equivalent to Ampicillin 125 mg

Cloxacillin sodium BP equivalent to Cloxacillin 125 mg

Color : Erythrosine

(Deurali janta pharmaceuticals)

 

 

xiii. Tegrital (100ml)

Carbamazepine

Oral suspension

Each 5 ml contains :

Carbamazepine Ip 100 mg

Flavouring agent in an aqueos base

 

xiv. Kefix

Cefixime USP

Oral suspension

Each 5 ml of reconstituted suspension contains :

Cefixime USP as trihydrate equivalent to sanhydrous cefixime 50 mg

(Nepal pharmaceutical laboratories, birgunj)

 

xv. Cal Vit (200 ml )

Calcium with vitamin D3

Oral suspension

Each 10 ml contains :

Calcium Phosphate BP 400 mg

Cholecalciferol BP 200 I.U.

Flavoured syrupy base

Color : Erythrosine

(Deurali janta pharmaceuticals)

 

 

 

2 SOLUTIONS

 

I Anzyme , flavoured  digestive enzyme

Composition

Each 5 ml contains

Diastase IP (1:1200) 50 mg

Pepsin IP (1:3000) 10 mg

Flavoured syrupy base q.s.

Colour : caramel

 

Ii Brica – BM , paediatric syrup, Bronchodilator mucolytic

Each 5 ml contains

Terbutaline sulphate IP 1.5 mg

Bromhexine HCL  IP 4 mg

In flavoured syrupy base

 

 

 

Iii Lomohist, Paediatric, 60 ml

Composition

Each 5 ml contains :

Dextromethorpan HBr BP 7.5 mg

Phenyl ephrine HCl IP 5 mg

Promethazine HCl IP 1.5 mg

Flavoured syrupy base

Colour: caramel

Iv Apetone: 200 ml

Each 5 ml containCl:

Cyprohepatadine HCl BP equivalent to (anhydrous) cyprohepatidine HCL  2 mgs

Colour : tartrazine

 

V Betasol  - N

Betamethasone and Neomycin Sulphate eye/ear drops , 5 ml

Composition

Betanethasone sodium phosphate IP 0.1 %

Neomycin sulphate IP 0.5 % w/v

Thiomersal IP 0.005% w/v

(as preservative)

Purified water IP q.s.

 

vi Quin C eye / ear drops

Ciprofloxacin HCl

Composition

Ciprofloxacin HCl IP  equivalent to Ciprofloxacin 0.3 % w/v

 

Vii Povidone iodine solution IP

Microbicidal solution

Standardized

Formula :

Povidone iodine IP 5% w/v

(0.5% w/v available iodine)

Purified water IP q.s.

WIN MEDICARE

 

VIII Povidone iodine solution ,, MICROBICIDAL solution , 50 ml

Composition

Povidone iodine IP 5% w/v

(0.5 % w/v of available iodine )

Unicare ( India ) Pvt ltd.

 

ix. Protogyl DF.

Antiprotozoal and antidiarroheal

Each 5 ml contains

Metronidazole benzoate BP equivalent to metronidazole 100 mg

Deloxanide Furoate BP 125 mg

Flavoured syrupy base q.s.

Colour : Erythrosine and Ponceau 4R

Mrp : 50

 

X. nemox drops ,

Amoxicillin paediatric drops , national

Each ml of reconstituted suspension contains :

Amoxicillin trihydrate IP equiv alent to Amoxicillin 100 mg

Colour : sunset yellow

 

 

 

 

 

XI. Otosoft , Ear drops

Composition

Paradichlorobenzene 2 % w/v

Benzocaine IP 2.7 % w/v

Chlorbutol IP 5% w/v

Turpentine oil BP 15 % w/v

Oily expicipients q.s.

 

xii. Sinarest (syrup)

Composition

Each 5 ml contains :

Paracetamol IP 125 mg

Pseudoephidrine HCl IP 15 mg

Chlorpheniramine maleate IP 1 mg

Colour : Ponceau 4R

 

XIII. Xylocaine 2 % and adrenaline (30 ml)

Composition :

Lignocaine HCl 21.3 mg

Adrenaline 0.005 mg

NaCl 6 mg/ml

Each vial 29.3 g

 

 

xiv. Aerocort inhaler (200 metered dosage)

Beclomethasone Dipropionate and devosalbutamol inhaler

Composition

Beclomethasone Dipropionate IP 50 mcg

Levosalbutamol tartrate equivalent to Levosalbutamol 50 mcg

Absolute alcohol 7.4 % v/v

Suspended in propellant HFA 134 a .. q.s.

 

xv. Ipravent inhaler

Each actuation delivers :

Ipratropium B romide IP 20mcg

Suspended in propellant HFA 227 ea.. q.s.

 

xvi. Asthaline inhaler

Each actuation delivers :

Salbutamol sulphate IP equivalent to salbutamol  100 mcg

Suspended in propellant HFA 134 a.. q.s.

 

xvii. Nowax, wax resolvent, ear drops

Composition :

Paradichlorobenzene BPC 4g 2.0% w/v

Benzocaine IP 2.7% w/v

Chlorbutol IP 5% w/v

Turpentine oil 15% w/v

Oily base q.s.

 

xviii. Meryl expectorant, sugarfree,, 100 ml

Each 5 ml contains:

Pheniramine maleate BP 15 mg

Guarphenesin BP 60 mg

Menthol BP 1 mg

In sorbitol base

Colour : Carmoisine

 

xix. Rhinex syrup, 50 ml

Each 5 ml contains :

Phenylephrine 5 mg

Pheniramine maleate 15 mg

In a pleasantly flavoured syrupy base

Colour : Amaranth

 

xx. Nepex syrup

Each 5 ml contains :

Dextromethorphan HCl IP 7.5 mg

Psedoephidrine HCl IP 15 gm

Chlorpheniramine maleate IP 1 mg

In a flavoured syrupy base

Colour : Amaranth

 

 

 

 

xxi. Elcrim Elixir

Improves apetite and keeps    free from digestive problems

Each water soluble extracts derived from :

Phyllanthus emblica 160 mg

Terminalia chebula 80 mg

Emblica ribes 15 mg

Zingiber officinale 7.5 mg

Acorus calamus 5 mg

(free  from alcohol and narcotics )

 

xxii. Calamin lotion

Composition :

Calamine IP 15 %w/v

Zinc oxide IP 5 % w/v

Diphenhydramine HCl IP 1% w/v

Camphor and D-spirit with glycerine base

 

xxiii. Flucort (15 ml)

fluocinolone acetonide USP (0.01 %)

Topical solution

Formula :

Fluocinolone IP 0.1 mg/ml Acetonide

Water miscible base q.s.

 

xxiv. Elocon (5 ml)

Momentasome furoate USP

Topical solution

Composition :

Momentasone furoate IP 0.1 % w/w

In aqueos base q.s.

 

xxv. Asthalin (100 ml)

Salbutamol sulphate and Guaiphenesin

Syrup

Each 5 ml contains :

Salbutamol sulphate IP equivalent to salbutamol 1 mg

Guaiphenesin IP 50 mg

Flavoyred syrupy base q.s.

Color : Caramel

 

xxvi. Motivac (20ml )

Solution of glycerin and sodium chloride

Enema

Formula :

Glycerin IP 15 % w/v

Sodium Chloride IP 15 % w/v

Purified water q.s.

 

xxvii. Neryl linctus (100 ml)

Each 5 ml contains :

Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide BP 10 mg

Pheniramine maleate BP 5 mg

In a pleasantly flavored syrupy base

Color : Amaranth and carmoisine

(Simca laboritories)

 

xxviii. Carmicide Adults

Each 5 ml contains :

Sodium citrate IP 200 mg

Citric acid monohydrate IP 40 mg

Flavored with zinger oil, cinnamon oil, cardamom oil, caraway oil, clove oil, alcohol content 9.5 % v/v

Indoco remedies

 

 

MOUTH GARGLES

i Betadine , Germicide gargle

Formula

Povidone iodine IP 1% w/v

(0.1 % w/v available as  iodine)

Absolute alcohol content 8.38 % v/v

Purified water  IP q.s.

Win medicare

 

ii Orohex

Chlorhexidine mouthwash BP

Antiseptic- Antiplaque- mouthwash

Each ml contains

Chlorhexidine gluconate solution IP equivalent to Chlorhexidine Gluconate 2 mg (0.2 % w/v)

In a flavoured aqueos base

Colours : Carmoisine and sunset yellow

 

iii Hexidine mouthwash, Antiseptic –Antiplaque

Composition:

Chlorhexidine Gluconate solution IP diluted to Chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2 % w/v

In a pleasant flavoured aqueos base

Colour : brilliant blue

INJECTABLES

 

I Lignocain E vial (30 ml)

Lignocain and Adrenaline injection IP

Injectable local anaesthetic

Each 5 ml contains :

Lignocaine hydrochloride IP 20 mg

Adenaline bitarturate IP equivalent to adrenaline 0.01 mg

(Hindustan pharmaceuticals,india)

 

ii. Lasix

Fusemide injection IP (2 ml)

Injectable Im solution

Each ml contains :

Fusemide IP 10 mg

WFI IP q.s.(Avents pharma Ltd, Thane, India)

 

iii. Histabloc (2 ml)

Ranitidine injection IP

Injectable Im solution

Each ml contains :

Ranitidine hydrochloride IP equivalent to Ranitidine 25 mg

Phenol as preservative

WFI IP q.s.

National healthcare, Chatapipara , birgunj

 

iv. Nemadol (1 ml)

Tramadol Hydrochloride injection IP

Injectable IM/IV/SC solution.

Composition :

Tramadol HCl IP 50 mg/ml

(national healthcare)

 

v. Senerace B IV (1 ml)

Haloperidol injection IP

Injectable Im solution

Each ampoule of 1 ml contains :

Haloperidol IP 5 mg

WFI IP q.s.

(RPG Lifescience, India)

 

 

vi. Bupitray heavy (4 ml)

Bupivacaine HCl in dextrose injection USP

Injectable spinal anesthesia solution

Each ml contains :

Bupivacaine HCl IP equivalent to anhydrous Bupivacaine HCl 5 mg

Dextrose IP 80 mg (monohydrate)

WFI IP q.s.

 

 

 

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